Phytonutrients: Carotenoids, Indoles and Flavonoids
The term "phyto" originated from a Greek word meaning plant. Phytonutrients are certain organic components of plants, and these components are thought to promote human health. Benefits: Enhanced immune response Enhanced cell-to-cell communication Supports estrogen metabolism Kills cancer cells Repairs DNA damage and Detoxifies carcinogens
Carotenoids Fruits and vegetables that are high in carotenoids appear to protect against certain cancers, heart disease and age-related macular degeneration.
Found in carrots, sweet potato, spinach, kale and collards.
Indoles These are remarkable nutrients that can boost the production of certain enzymes which inhibit the formation of malignant tissue, block carcinogens from mutating DNA and they can neutralize the effects of bad estrogen.
Found in onions and garlic, the cabbage family, broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables.
Flavonoids Over 4,000 flavonoids have been identified, many of which occur in fruits, vegetables and beverages (tea, coffee, beer, wine and fruit drinks). Flavonoids have been reported to have antiviral, anti-allergic, anti-platelet, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and antioxidant activities.
Dietary Sources Citrus fruits, grapes, green vegetables, bok choy, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, collards, kale, kohlrabi, mustard greens, rutabaga, turnip greens, red beets, peppers, garlic, onions, leeks, and chives
Coincidentally, many of the phytochemicals that nutritional researchers are focusing their attention on are either enzymes, or more often, they are substances that help build or activate enzymes that play essential roles in protecting cells from damage.
Supplemental Antioxidant Sources
Bilberry has powerful anti-aging properties.
Ginko Biloba has free radical scavenging properties, platelet activating factor, protects brain functions associated with memory and circulation.
Pine Bark (a flavonoid) helps prevent nitric oxide deficiencies, and has anti-inflammatory properties. It also potentiates other antioxidants, such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Glutathione. Grape Seed is high in flavonoids and free radical scavenging activity. It inhibits stomach mucosal injury, prevents gastric ulcers, increases glutathione levels, anti-carcinogenic prevents cataracts.
Zinc is a mineral that is a free radical terminator, important for prostate health, and is involved in numerous biological actions.
Lycopene (found in tomatoes) supports prostate health.